Wuxi is famous for being one of the birthplaces of China's modern industry and commerce, as well as the hometown of many important businessmen who have played essential roles in building commerce in Shanghai since the early 20th century.
The modern name consists of the Chinese characters 无(“without, lacking”) and 锡("tin") and simply means“Nothing”. According to a traditional story, during the warring states period, soldiers were stationed in Wuxi on Xishan ( “tin hill”). While burying a pot to prepare food, a soldier found a stone plaque engraved with the words“If there is tin there is an army, conflict under heaven. If there is no tin (wuxi), there is peace, quiet under heaven. ”According to the story, Wuxi's name comes from this inscription. However, some scholars believe the name may have originally been "吳墟" (“Ruins of Wu") from Meicun's role as the original capital of the region or from a Chinese transcription of an indigenous Baiyue name honoring a bird deity. ****** Others believe that the name could be derived from an ancient pronunciation of the name Fu Xi. Former spellings include Wu-shi, Wushi, and Wu-hsi.
In Shanghainese, it is pronounced [ɦuɕiɪʔ].
The city plan, as is typical of many older Chinese cities, is of a central city with a roughly circular plan, crisscrossed with older canals, the main canal still seeing heavy barge traffic.
Wuxi itself is on an alluvial plain of deep sedimentary deposits cut between limestone foothills, making it one of the sources for "scholar's rocks", the intricately weathered stones which were used as devices for contemplation.
Wuxi is hot and humid in summer and chilly and damp in winter, with an average annual temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) and very occasional snow. Because of its proximity to the East China Sea, it has a monsoon season and receives 100 centimeters (39 inches) of rain annually.